Understanding Big Data: An Introduction to Complex Data Sets Classification

Understanding the fundamentals of big data and its potential impact on an organization is crucial for any business looking to stay competitive in today’s data-driven economy. In this article, we will explore the key characteristics of big data, including volume, velocity, and variety, and discuss the complex data sets classification needed to effectively manage and extract insights from big data. 

We will also explore the potential benefits of utilizing big data for decision-making and driving business growth. Whether you’re a business leader, IT professional or just looking to stay informed about the latest industry trends, this article is a must-read for anyone looking to gain a better understanding of big data and its impact on modern business.

What is Big Data?

Big data refers to the large, complex sets of information that businesses collect and analyze in order to gain insights and make better decisions. These data sets are often too large and diverse to be processed and analyzed using traditional data processing techniques. Businesses use big data to identify patterns, trends and insights that can inform strategic decision-making and drive operational efficiency. This can include anything from customer behavior and purchasing patterns, to production and logistics data, to sensor and IoT data. 

The use of big data technologies, such as Hadoop and Spark, and advanced analytics techniques, such as machine learning and artificial intelligence, allows businesses to extract value from these data sets, thus leading to better decision making.

Big Data Fundamentals: The Three V of Big Data

The “Three V” is commonly used to refer to three features or aspects of big data. What exactly are those? Those are explained in more detail below.

1. Volume

Big data often refers to data sets that are too large to be managed and processed using traditional methods. The volume of data can be measured in terabytes, petabytes, or even exabytes, and it continues to grow at an unprecedented rate. Companies are collecting data from a variety of sources, such as social media, IoT devices, and web analytics, and this data is often stored in data lakes or data warehouses.

2. Velocity

In addition to the sheer volume of data, the speed at which data is generated and processed is also a significant challenge. Real-time data streams, such as social media feeds and sensor data, require companies to process and analyze data at high speeds in order to extract meaningful insights. This means that traditional batch processing methods are no longer sufficient and new technologies, such as streaming data processing, are required.

3. Variety

Big data comes in a variety of forms, including structured, semi-structured, and unstructured data. Structured data, such as that found in a relational database, is easy to understand and analyze. Semi-structured data, such as XML or JSON, can also be understood, but it requires more effort to extract insights. Unstructured data, such as text, images, and audio, is the most challenging to understand and analyze. The variety of data types found in big data environments requires companies to use a variety of tools and technologies to extract insights.

Big data must have at least the three characteristics listed above; if one of the three criteria is not met, the data set cannot be classified as big data.

Big Data Function

Big data functions refer to the various processes and techniques used to manage and extract insights from large and complex data sets. Some common big data functions include:

1. Data Ingestion

The is the process of acquiring and bringing data into a big data environment. It can include data from various sources such as social media, IoT devices, and web analytics. Data ingestion can be done using a variety of methods such as batch processing, real-time streaming, and micro batching.

2. Data Storage

Once data is ingested, it needs to be stored in a manner that allows for efficient processing and analysis. This is typically done using distributed storage systems such as Hadoop HDFS or NoSQL databases such as MongoDB or Cassandra.

3. Data Processing 

Once data is stored, it needs to be processed in order to extract insights. This can be done using a variety of technologies such as Apache Spark, Apache Storm, or Apache Flink for real-time streaming, and Apache Hadoop for batch processing.

4. Data Analysis

Once the data is processed, it can be analyzed to extract insights. This can be done using a variety of techniques such as machine learning, statistical modeling, and data visualization. Tools such as R and Python are commonly used for data analysis.

5. Data Governance

Data governance (DG) is the process of managing the availability, usability, integrity, and security of data in enterprise systems using internal data standards and policies that also control data usage. The purpose of data governance is as follows:

  • Data usability
  • Metadata
  • Data quality
  • Data security

6. Data Visualization

The process of presenting data in a visual format to make it easier to understand and communicate insights. This can be done using a variety of tools such as Tableau, QlikView, or Power BI.


Understanding big data fundamentals and their potential impact is critical for staying competitive in today’s data-driven business. Through the use of advanced analytics techniques, big data enables businesses to extract value from large sets of information and make better decisions.

However, managing and processing such vast amounts of data necessitates a dependable infrastructure. A data center provides the infrastructure, security, and connectivity required to support business information technology systems. 

EDGE DC, Indonesia’s leading data center provider, provides a variety of services to assist businesses in effectively managing their big data. We use cutting-edge technology and infrastructure, such as high-performance computing systems, advanced security measures, and dependable power and cooling systems. By working with EDGE DC, businesses can take advantage of the benefits that big data has to offer and drive growth.

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